International Journal of Commerce and Management Research

International Journal of Commerce and Management Research






ISSN: 2455-1627


International Journal of Commerce and Management Research
International Journal of Commerce and Management Research
Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2016)

Organizational development and administration


Sachin M. Pathak

Organization development (OD) is a field of research, theory and practice dedicated to expanding the knowledge and effectiveness of people to accomplish more successful organizational change and performance. OD emerged out of human relations studies in the 1930s, during which psychologists realized that organizational structures and processes influence worker behaviour and motivation. More recently, work on OD has expanded to focus on aligning organizations with their rapidly changing and complex environments through organizational learning, knowledge management and transformation of organizational norms and values. Key concepts of OD theory include: organizational climate (the mood or unique “personality” of an organization, which includes attitudes and beliefs that influence members’ collective behaviour), organizational culture (the deeply-seated norms, values and behaviours that members share) and organizational strategies (how an organization identifies problems, plans action, negotiates change and evaluates progress).
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