Impact of pricing of liquefied petroleum gas on customer satisfaction level
Human life faces a unique and far reaching challenge. The energy needs are growing as a result of continuous increase in population increase, economic growth, and individual fuels/energy consumption. At the same time, emissions from fuel wood and fossils fuels, the main energy source for heating in homes and powering our economies, are contributing to climatic changes and affecting the local air quality. According to the Census of India, 2001, about 91% of rural and 31% of urban homes depend mainly on traditional fuels -- fuel-wood, animal and crop waste and charcoal -- for cooking. Dependence on traditional forms of biomass adversely affects human productivity particularly when time is increasingly spent farther and farther afield for diminishing fuel-wood sources and if the health of those exposed is endangered by high concentration of particulate matter from inefficiently burnt domestic fuels. While individuals (mainly women and girls) are exposed to theinjurious effects (of smoke inhalation, the emission of unburned hydrocarbonsthrough traditional stoves, and soot deposits when washed off vessels, etc.) and also have to spend time on fuel gathering, the community as a whole is adversely affected both by the ambient pollution created by simultaneous cook-fires and through land degradation in cases where fuel-wood is gathered in an unsustainable manner. This has meant that the need for cleaner and more efficient cooking fuels has not been adequately addressed. The fuel-stove combinations become cleaner and more efficient, but also increase in capital costs as the ladder is ascended. Therefore, as household income increases, people are able to move up to the energy ladder, affording seemingly more expensive but more efficient sources of energy, if they are accessible.