Non-performing assets are one of the major concerns for banks in India. NPAs reflect the performance of banks. A high level of NPAs suggests high probability of a large number of credit defaults that affect the profitability and net-worth of banks and also erodes the value of the asset. rnNPAs affect the liquidity and profitability, in addition to posing threat on quality of asset and survival of banks. The Indian banking sector has been facing serious problems of rising Non - performing Assets (NPAs). The NPAs growth has a direct impact on profitability of banks. It involves the necessity of provisions, which reduces the overall profits and shareholders’ value. The problem of NPAs is not only affecting the banks but also the whole economy. In fact high level of NPAs in Indian banks is nothing but a reflection of the state of health of the industry and trade. It is necessary to trim down NPAs to improve the financial health in the banking system. The Indian banking sector is facing a serious problem of NPAs. rnAn attempt has been made in this paper that what is NPA? The factors contributing to it, reasons for high NPAs and their impact on Indian banking operations, the trend and magnitude of NPAs in selected Indian banks.