Quality and success of training programmes to ASHAS: A critical appraisal
Sateesh B, Dr. M Ashok Kumar
Contents, coverage, quality of training play predominant role in success of any training programme. ASHA is one of such caring services, which has been considered to be an essential services particularly at grass-root level and in providing basic health-care services and provide advices to needy people at their door steps. However, these services need proper training and development in order to reach the people effectively. The department health has been provided training to ASHA to make the capable and skillful to deliver the basic health care services. Accordingly, in the present study an attempt has made to examine the quality of training given to ASHA workers particularly in Karnataka. The study has used primary data collected from 300 ASHA in Karnataka and Chi-square has been used as analytical technique for drawing inferences and decision making. It has been found from the study that the training programme has covered the contents like, handling, managing and caring. But ASHA have expected to be taught and trained on ASHA services, patient handling and training to serve in the urban areas. Therefore, there is miss-match between what the ASHA expects from training and what the program train. Accordingly, the contents of training programme are inadequate for some of the ASHA and excessive for some of the ASHA. Because of these reasons ASHAs have expressed their desire to have refresher courses to fulfill the deficiencies in the training programme. Therefore, each training programme should be followed by an appropriate refresher course to fill the deficiencies of the training programme. Matters of fact, ASHA are happy about the refresher courses. Therefore, the study argues to conduct refresher courses to support training programmes.